Dr. Robert Howarth chairs the International SCOPE Biofuels Project, is President of the Coastal & Estuarine Research Federation, directs the Agrictural Ecosystems Program at Cornell University, and represents the State of New York on the science and technical advisory committee of the Chesapeake Bay Program. Howarth is also the Founding Editor of the journal "Biogeochemistry" and served as Editor-in-Chief from 1983 to 2004.
Howarth's research program is focused broadly on the following topics: the interaction of climate and land-use as regulators of nutrient flows from large watersheds; the effects of biofuels on the environment; deposition of nitrogen gases, particularly near vehicle and agricultural emission sources; human alteraton of global and regional nitrogen and phosphorus cycles; complex biogeochemical feedbacks that occur in estuaries during eutrophication; and the interaction of biotic, physical and biogeochemical factors as controls on nitrogen fixation.
James Cloern (firstname.lastname@example.org) is an aquatic ecologist who began working for the USGS in 1976. He has BS (1970) and MS (1973) degrees in zoology from the University of Wisconsin, and Ph.D. in zoology/limnology from Washington State University (1976). Jim has experience conducting research in lakes, streams, and estuaries, using field measurements and numerical modeling to identify the patterns and mechanisms of ecosystem variability. He is leader of the USGS team that collects water quality measurements in San Francisco Bay.
We are very pleased with the direction Estuaries and Coasts is taking and see signs, such as a recent 10-fold increase in the number of papers downloaded and a 3-fold increase in international manuscript submissions, that our main strategic goals are being met. Our new publishing partner, Springer, is solid and responsive and good team spirit has been built. Springer is the world’s second largest publisher of science, technology and medical scholarly literature.
1982, Ph.D., Harvard University, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology
M.S., University of New Hampshire, Earth Sciences
B.S., Skidmore, Biology
The Plan: The idea of stimulating the oceanic biological pump via increased primary production with the aim of ultimately increasing carbon sequestration as a means to offset climate change is not new. What is relatively new in the “prime the pump” schemes is the plan to use urea for this fertilization. Most carbon sequestration plans heretofore have suggested iron enrichment (e.g., Martin 1990), or direct injection of CO2 at depth.
During the CERF Governing board meeting in April, some members of the CERF Education Committee met to discuss tasks on the wish list that we hope to complete during the next two years. The greatest obstacle to education seems to be our methods of outreach, and the committee has decided to put time and effort into redesigning the CERF education web page. A draft plan is circulating and hopefully a revamp of CERF Education and CEReFs (formerly EReFs) will be coming to member computers in the near future.